Ubuntu15.10-32bit-安装FastV8.15

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Fast8.15在4-15又发布了新版本,增加了相关功能,具体参考FastV8.15. 下面就32bit ubuntu机子的安装过程做简要记录。

  1. 运行fast源文件下的Compling 的makefile

    gfortran: error: ../bin/libmap-1.20.10.so: 没有那个文件或目录
    makefile:733: recipe for target '../bin/FAST_glin32' failed
    make:  [../bin/FAST_glin32] Error 1
    
    

直接运行make,缺少libmap,可以参考fast安装

  1. 安装LibMap

把libMap-1的Compling底下的driver_makefile修改一下你的FAST本地路径。

#FAST_DIR     = ../Source
#FAST_DIR     = C:/Users/bjonkman/Documents/DATA/DesignCodes/simulators/FAST/SVNdirectory/branches/BJonkman/Source
FAST_DIR     = /paper/FAST_8.15/ 

直接定位到MapDir/src的makefile,进行make一下

/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -llapacke
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -llapacke
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
makefile:81: recipe for target 'all' failed
make: *** [all] Error 1

这个原因是因为缺少lapacke开发者库,参考FAST安装

apt-get install lapacke-dev*

然后就可以make,并把生成的libmap-1.2.so放入到fastdir的bin文件夹,没有则创建。 这样就完成了

  1. 测试
  • Test02.fst

    ./FAST_glin32 Test02.fst 
    
    **************************************************************************************************
    FAST (v8.15.00a-bjj, 12-Apr-2016)
    
    Copyright (C) 2016 National Renewable Energy Laboratory
    
    This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. See the "license.txt" file distributed with this
    software for details.
    **************************************************************************************************
    
    Running FAST (v8.15.00a-bjj, 12-Apr-2016), compiled as a 32-bit application using single
    precision
    linked with NWTC Subroutine Library (v2.08.00, 5-Apr-2016)
    
    Heading of the FAST input file:
    FAST Certification Test #02: AWT-27CR2 with many DOFs with startup and shutdown and steady wind
    
    Running ElastoDyn (v1.03.02a-bjj, 8-Apr-2016).
    
    Running AeroDyn (v15.02.03, 12-Apr-2016).
    
    Running AirfoilInfo (v1.01.00a-bjj, 5-Apr-2016).
    
    Running BEM (v1.01.00a, 12-Apr-2016).
    
    Running InflowWind (v3.02.00a-bjj, 11-Apr-2016).
    Opening InflowWind input file:  ./AWT27/Test02_InflowWind.dat
    
    Running ServoDyn (v1.05.00a-bjj, 11-Mar-2016).
    Timestep: 0 of 20 seconds.
    
    Timestep: 2 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 15:12:15.                               
    Timestep: 4 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 15:12:14.                               
    Timestep: 6 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 15:12:14.                               
    Timestep: 8 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 15:12:14.                               
    Timestep: 10 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 15:12:14.                              
    Timestep: 12 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 15:12:14.                              
    Timestep: 14 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 15:12:14.                              
    Timestep: 16 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 15:12:14.                              
    Timestep: 18 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 15:12:14.                              
    Timestep: 20 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 15:12:14.                              
                                                                                                      
    Total Real Time:       9.788 seconds
    Total CPU Time:        9.708 seconds
    Simulation CPU Time:   9.636 seconds
    Simulated Time:        20 seconds
    Time Ratio (Sim/CPU):  2.0756
    
    FAST terminated normally.
    
    
  • Test26.fst

不通过的原因是没有编译DISCON_DLL.

➞ ./FAST_glin32 Test26.fst 

 **************************************************************************************************
 FAST (v8.15.00a-bjj, 12-Apr-2016)

 Copyright (C) 2016 National Renewable Energy Laboratory

 This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. See the "license.txt" file distributed with this
 software for details.
 **************************************************************************************************

  Running FAST (v8.15.00a-bjj, 12-Apr-2016), compiled as a 32-bit application using single
  precision
  linked with NWTC Subroutine Library (v2.08.00, 5-Apr-2016)

  Heading of the FAST input file:
    FAST Certification Test #26: NREL 5.0 MW Baseline Wind Turbine (Onshore)

  Running ElastoDyn (v1.03.02a-bjj, 8-Apr-2016).

  Running BeamDyn (v1.01.03, 12-Apr-2016).

  Running BeamDyn (v1.01.03, 12-Apr-2016).

  Running BeamDyn (v1.01.03, 12-Apr-2016).

  Running AeroDyn (v15.02.03, 12-Apr-2016).

  Running AirfoilInfo (v1.01.00a-bjj, 5-Apr-2016).

  Running BEM (v1.01.00a, 12-Apr-2016).
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 1, Blade = 1
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 2, Blade = 1
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 3, Blade = 1
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 4, Blade = 1
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 1, Blade = 2
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 2, Blade = 2
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 3, Blade = 2
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 4, Blade = 2
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 1, Blade = 3
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 2, Blade = 3
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 3, Blade = 3
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 4, Blade = 3

  Running InflowWind (v3.02.00a-bjj, 11-Apr-2016).
  Opening InflowWind input file:  ./5MW_Baseline/NRELOffshrBsline5MW_InflowWind_12mps.dat

    Reading a 31x31 grid (145 m wide, 17.5 m to 162.5 m above ground) with a characteristic wind
    speed of 12 m/s. This full-field file was generated by TurbSim (v1.06.00, 21-Sep-2012) on
    07-Jan-2014 at 12:50:45.

    Processed 1442 time steps of 20-Hz full-field data (72.05 seconds).

  Running ServoDyn (v1.05.00a-bjj, 11-Mar-2016).

  Running ServoDyn Interface for Bladed Controllers (using GNU Fortran for Linux, 14-Oct-2015).

 FAST_InitializeAll:SrvD_Init:BladedInterface_Init:The dynamic library
 ./5MW_Baseline/ServoData/DISCON_win32.dll could not be loaded. Check that the file exists in the
 specified location and that it is compiled for 32-bit applications.

 FAST encountered an error during module initialization.
  Simulation error level: FATAL ERROR

  Aborting FAST.


  1. 解决Test26无法运行

首先,定位到Fast的Compling目录,基本尚不修改,测试make(默认32bit),通过。

make -f makefile_DISCON_DLL 
gfortran  -O2 -m32 -fbacktrace -ffree-line-length-none -x f95-cpp-input -C -DIMPLICIT_DLLEXPORT -fPIC -c ../CertTest/5MW_Baseline/ServoData/Source/DISCON.f90 -o Obj_lin32/DISCON.obj -J Obj_lin32 -B Obj_lin32
gfortran -shared -O2 -m32 -fbacktrace -fPIC -I Obj_lin32 -o ../CertTest/5MW_Baseline/ServoData/DISCON_glin32.so \
 Obj_lin32/DISCON.obj

注意一定得把 生成的DISCON_glin32.so路径写入到对应的NREL5MW Servodata的配置文件,比如

Test26.fst文件:

"5MW_Baseline/NRELOffshrBsline5MW_Onshore_ServoDyn.dat"    ServoFile       - Name of file containing control and electrical-drive input parameters (quoted string)

"unused"      HydroFile       - Name of file containing hydrodynamic input parameters (quoted string)

NRELOffshrBsline5MW_Onshore_ServoDyn.dat 更改对应的DLL_FileName 为 ServoData/DISCON_glin32.so

注意还是得按照FAST 非windows平台的编译顺序把register编译好,然后一次MAP++ 和FAST,以及DISCONDLL.

─➞ ../bin/FAST_glin32 Test26.fst 

 **************************************************************************************************
 FAST (v8.15.00a-bjj, 12-Apr-2016)

 Copyright (C) 2016 National Renewable Energy Laboratory

 This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. See the "license.txt" file distributed with this
 software for details.
 **************************************************************************************************

  Running FAST (v8.15.00a-bjj, 12-Apr-2016), compiled as a 32-bit application using single
  precision
  linked with NWTC Subroutine Library (v2.08.00, 5-Apr-2016)

  Heading of the FAST input file:
    FAST Certification Test #26: NREL 5.0 MW Baseline Wind Turbine (Onshore)

  Running ElastoDyn (v1.03.02a-bjj, 8-Apr-2016).

  Running BeamDyn (v1.01.03, 12-Apr-2016).

  Running BeamDyn (v1.01.03, 12-Apr-2016).

  Running BeamDyn (v1.01.03, 12-Apr-2016).

  Running AeroDyn (v15.02.03, 12-Apr-2016).

  Running AirfoilInfo (v1.01.00a-bjj, 5-Apr-2016).

  Running BEM (v1.01.00a, 12-Apr-2016).
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 1, Blade = 1
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 2, Blade = 1
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 3, Blade = 1
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 4, Blade = 1
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 1, Blade = 2
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 2, Blade = 2
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 3, Blade = 2
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 4, Blade = 2
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 1, Blade = 3
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 2, Blade = 3
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 3, Blade = 3
 Warning: Turning off Unsteady Aerodynamics because C_nalpha is 0.  BladeNode = 4, Blade = 3

  Running InflowWind (v3.02.00a-bjj, 11-Apr-2016).
  Opening InflowWind input file:  ./5MW_Baseline/NRELOffshrBsline5MW_InflowWind_12mps.dat

    Reading a 31x31 grid (145 m wide, 17.5 m to 162.5 m above ground) with a characteristic wind
    speed of 12 m/s. This full-field file was generated by TurbSim (v1.06.00, 21-Sep-2012) on
    07-Jan-2014 at 12:50:45.

    Processed 1442 time steps of 20-Hz full-field data (72.05 seconds).

  Running ServoDyn (v1.05.00a-bjj, 11-Mar-2016).

  Running ServoDyn Interface for Bladed Controllers (using GNU Fortran for Linux, 14-Oct-2015).
  Timestep: 0 of 20 seconds.

 FAST_Solution0:CalcOutputs_And_SolveForInputs:SolveOption2:SrvD_CalcOutput:Running with torque
 and pitch control of the NREL offshore 5MW baseline wind turbine from DISCON.dll as written by J.
 Jonkman of NREL/NWTC for use in the IEA Annex XXIII OC3 studies.


 Timestep: 1 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 16:45:58.                               
 Timestep: 2 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 16:45:53.                               
 Timestep: 3 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 16:45:58.                               
 Timestep: 4 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 16:45:57.                               
 Timestep: 5 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 16:45:57.                               
 Timestep: 6 of 20 seconds. Estimated final completion at 16:45:53.                               

Avatar
Ye Zhaoliang
Engineer of offshore wind turbine technique research

My research interests include distributed energy, wind turbine power generation technique , Computational fluid dynamic and programmable matter.

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